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Description of Rēzekne (Rezhitsa) in 1906

This is Just About the Time the Horwitz Family Left

(Sumunov, Spisok Naselyonnych mest Vitebskov guernil, Vitebsk, 1906)

Translated by Aleksandrs Feigmanis and Elucidated by Dave Howard

  • The town is located at the intersection of the Petersburg-Warsaw and the Moscow-Windau railroad lines. Because the town has a river, lake and is very green, some residents of St. Petersburg visit during the summer months and stay in their country homes (dachas).

  • The Rezekne (Rezhitsa) river and the smaller Soltan and Bezymyanyy rivers are at the center of the city.

  • The castle on the hill was built in 1285.

  • 48 Streets with an average length of one mile each.

  • 6 places

  • 2,072 houses, among them 307 built of stone.

  • 181 petroleum lamps.

  • Many public gardens.

  • No aqueduct, the residents take their water from the river and wells.

  • 2 firemen commandos with 9 fire engines.

  • 1 slaughterhouse processed 8,790 head of cattle per year.


  • 2 orthodox churches, 1 catholic church, one Lutheran, 2 old believers praying houses, 8 Jewish synagogues, 5 cemeteries.


  • 7 primary schools.

  • 2 libraries

  • 1 hospital with 15 beds, 2 pharmacies

  • 6 doctors, 2 veterinarians.

  • 6 hotels, 20 restaurants.


  • 8 factories with only 59 workers, 105 workshops of craftsmen with 305 craftsmen. A lot of people work out of town, e.g. builders.


  • Charity society with 42 members, 1 anti-alcohol society.


  • City bank, insurance society, 3 printing houses, 75 cabmen. 1 photography workshop.


  • 3 fairs (open markets) annually: January 1, July 2, and September 8: sold agricultural machines, food products, cattle, tools.


  • 151 beggars.


  • 21 policemen.

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