Henoch Hirsch Horwitz/Gurevitch/Gurvich

Henoch Hirsch Horwitz/Gurevitch/Gurvich

Male 1838 - 1909  (71 years)

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  • Name Henoch Hirsch Horwitz/Gurevitch/Gurvich 
    • According to the 1897 All Russia census taken in the Rezekne area his name was listed as Gurevitch Genoch Girshev. The Girshev is the patronymic for son of Hirsch. Our researcher, Aleksandrs Feigmanis, notes that this is an error.

      The Rezekne vital records entry at July 5, 1882, recording the birth of their son, Yeruchim (Reuben), shows his name correctly as Genoch-Girch Gurvitch, son of Getzel-Leizer Gurvitch. His wife was shown as Baseva, daughter of Morduch.

      Because of all the different languages spoken and written in this region of the world the same name is written in many different ways in the official records. They are all the same name:

      His first name was Henoch, Genoch, Henech, Genech they are all variations of the Bible prophet Enoch (English).

      His second name was Hirsch, Hirsh, Girsh which are all versions of the same word meaning stag deer.

      Dave Howard
      Aug 2007

      His last name was Gurevitch, Gurvitch, Gurevich, Hurwitsch, Horwitz, Horowitz
    Nickname Genech Girsh Gurvitch 
    Born 1838  Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • On April 17, 1979, just a month or two before she passed away, I had the pleasure of meeting with Aunt Bessie, Henoch's youngest child. She could hardly remember her father or her mother. Aunt Bessie said that she came to America in 1910 when she was age 11 one year after her father had died at age 71. She thought she had been born in 1888 but according to her daughter Sylvia, she was born in 1896. Assuming she came to the US in 1910 she would have been about 14. Accordingly, if Henoch died in 1909 at age 71 his year of birth would have been about 1838.
      In the 1874 Russian census Henoch is shown as age 37 indicating a birth year of about 1837.
      In the 1897 All Russian Census Henoch was listed as age 55. This would indicate a birth year of 1842.
      For the purposes of this history we will use 1838.
    • In the Rezekne Family List he is shown as 59 in 1896 which would make the year of birth 1838 which agrees with Aunt Bessie information.
    Gender Male 
    Died 18 May 1909  Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Notes 
    • According to Aunt Bessie, her father was in the timber business, where they cut the trees and floated them down the river. She said he was in business with his father and his brothers and that they were well off.

      She said her father's family was originally from Moscow. I had assumed this was Moscow, Russia. However, I have discovered that there is a district in Riga along the edge of the river named Moscow and it was an area occupied by Jewish people. They would gather up the timber that had been floated down the river.

      Riga is not on the Baltic Sea but on the banks of the River Daugava and was a major export center for timber. Ships came from Briton so freqently there was a large Church of England cathedral in Riga for the crews. Ships also came from France to pick up wood.

      The Daugava was a very important river that served as a gateway to Central Europe from the Baltic Sea. The Swedes at one time had a major presence in Easter Europe and controlled the Baltics. They viewed access to the Daugava as strategic.

      Today the Daugava defines a portion of the border between the countries of Latvia and Lithuania. The second largest city in Latvia is Daugavpils which is a key inland port on this river. When this area was part of Russia the city was named Dvinsk and had a very substantial Jewish population.

      Daugavpils is about half way between the very important city of Vilnius, Lithuania about 100 miles to the south. Vilnius was known as Vilna during the era of Polish and Russian dominance and was the capital of the Jewish sub-Polish state in the Lithuanian region. The city was governed by Jews.

      Today Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania but has only a tiny Jewish population as a result of the very effective extermination of Jewish people in the Baltic region during World War II.

      About 100 miles to the north of Daugavpils lies the city of Rezekne, the capital of the Latgale Region, also a city with a large Jewish population. Our family comes from Rezekne but they clearly had Horwitz relatives in Daugavpils and Riga to carry out their very important timber business.

      Dave Howard
      Aug 2007
    • He married again and Bessie did not get along with her new step-mother. Her family was living in Latvia.
      Bessie did not know the name of the first wife. She had died many years before. Bessie was the daughter of the second wife who she said was Basheva Yaffa.
      Bessie explained that the family paid for their relocation to America by working and saving. They also sold the family home and cows. They settled up with their step-mother and used what was left to go to Chicago.
      Bob Schwartz has Bertha Louria as the wife of Henoch Hirsh. This is something we will have to work on.
      The 1897 census stated that he was literate that he had been educated in the parish school and that the was etiher a flax merchant or timber merchant. Aleksandrs said it was difficult to read the text and there is only a sight difference between the way the two words are spelled. He though flax merchant might be a better translation. However, wood merchant would be consistent with what Aunt Bessie said his business was.

      They were residing in a single family dwelling at house 10 on Dvoryanskaya Street in Rezekne, Latvia. The house was wooden and covered with wood.

      He was apparently a hard working, wealthy, soft spoken (never used strong language)man. He was in business with his father and brothers. Their family was known for their financial success in the lumber business. Dave Howard Aug 2004.
    Person ID I993  Complete
    Last Modified 26 Dec 2015 

    Father Getzel Leiser Horwitz/Gurewitsch,   b. Abt 1814, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. aftr 1896, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvie Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 83 years) 
    Mother Itka,   b. 1818, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 1896, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Family ID F3388  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Feiga,   b. 1838,   d. Abt 1878, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Married Abt 1858  Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Eliah Horwitz,   b. 1859, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jan 1906, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years)
    +2. Zalman Ber Horwitz,   b. 1864, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1938, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)
     3. Bashe Gene Horwitz,   b. 1866, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Sep 1866, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    +4. Iser Jankel Horwitz,   b. Abt 1872, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1935, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years)
     5. Hirsch Horwitz,   b. Jan 1872, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 May 1872, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 0 years)
    +6. Khaysore Dobe Horowitz,   b. Abt 1873, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1941, SHOA, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 68 years)
    +7. Max Hurwitz,   b. 22 Apr 1875, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 July 1944, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
    Photos
    Dave Howard on Barona Street, Rezekne, Latvia in Octoer 2003
    Dave Howard on Barona Street, Rezekne, Latvia in Octoer 2003
    Horwitz Family Home in Rezekne, Latvia was on Barona Street per 1897 All Russia census the family of Henoch Horwitz lived on this street at house number 11.
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2007 
    Family ID F320  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Basheva/Basseva Joffe,   b. 1857, Druya, Disna District, Belarus Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1904  (Age 47 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Abe Rafael Horwitz/Gurevich/Gurvich,   b. 18 Jan 1880, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1946, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
    +2. Nathan/Nottie/Notta/Natha Gurevitch/Horwitz,   b. 18 Jan 1880, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Dec 1941, Rumbula, Riga, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
    +3. Reuben Horwitz,   b. 5 July 1882, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1948, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
     4. Getzel Leizer Horwitz,   b. Abt 1885, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Aug 1888, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 3 years)
    +5. Simon Horwitz,   b. 26 Oct 1886, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Jan 1940, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
     6. Aizik Horwitz/Gurevitch/Gurvich,   b. 1887, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Aug 1888, Rezekne, Latgale, Lavia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
    +7. Morris Horwitz,   b. 25 Aug 1891, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1945, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
    +8. Ida Horwitz,   b. Abt 1893, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1977, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 83 years)
    +9. Florence Horwitz,   b. 25 Sep 1896, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Feb 1967, Inglewood, CA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)
    +10. Bessie Horwitz,   b. 25 Sep 1896, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 May 1979, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
    Photos
    Dave Howard on Barona Street, Rezekne, Latvia in Octoer 2003
    Dave Howard on Barona Street, Rezekne, Latvia in Octoer 2003
    Horwitz Family Home in Rezekne, Latvia was on Barona Street per 1897 All Russia census the family of Henoch Horwitz lived on this street at house number 11.
    Documents
    Birth Record for Abe and Notte Horwitz
    Birth Record for Abe and Notte Horwitz
    Maryana Panyarskaya (MaryanaP) wrote: Jun 3, 2011
    Hi, David!
    While checking Your tree I found the writing about the birth of your grandfather
    http://img1.lvva-raduraksti.lv/rabinati/005024-0001-000255/LVVA-005024-0001-000255-0061-M2.jpg
    May be You have it.
    There under the numbers 20 and 21 there are twins Aba Rafael and Nata.
    They were born on 2 March 1880
    Their parents were the philistine of RĒZEKNES Gener-Girshov Leiserovich (fathers name) Gurvich and his wife Baseva.

    This town was not very far from the town where my great-great-grandparents lived.

    Maryana
    July 5- 1882- to Genech-Girsh- son of Getsel-Leizer Gurvitch- citizen or Rezekne- and wife Baseva- daughter of Morduch- born son Yeruchim
    July 5- 1882- to Genech-Girsh- son of Getsel-Leizer Gurvitch- citizen or Rezekne- and wife Baseva- daughter of Morduch- born son Yeruchim
    Recordings
    Aunt Bessie Remembers Her Father 0:23
    Aunt Bessie Remembers Her Father 0:23
    Her father came from Moscow, a section of Riga along the shore of the river which was where many Jewish people lived. He was in the timber business with his father and brothers. He died at age 71 when Bessie was about 10.
     Life was not so good in Europe 0:59
    Life was not so good in Europe 0:59
    Story of Florence falling in the River 0:49
    Story of Florence falling in the River 0:49
    This story is well known in the Horwitz family of the time the twins, Bessie and Florence, had gone down to the river to watch the women do the laundry. There was a crowd around and Florence was knocked into the river. Bessie called for help and Florence was saved. But they made Bessie take her dry clothing off for Florence. Bessie was cold and naked. They were both about 10 years old. The year would have been about 1906, one year before they came to America.
    Notte Returns Home Unexpectedly 1:37
    Notte Returns Home Unexpectedly 1:37
    This is a great story about Bessie encountering her brother Nottie (Nathan) in the back of their home. He was an identical twin to Abe. When Florence refused to go out back to lock the barn door Bessie obeyed and went out back. Nottie was just arriving on a sleigh. She thought he was Abe. She asked if it was Abe and he said he was Nottie. She was so excited she passed out in the snow. The whole town was so excited about Nottie's safe return that they stayed up all night to celebrate.
    Bessie Remembers Her Older sister Sara 0:47
    Bessie Remembers Her Older sister Sara 0:47
    The area where the Horwitz family lived the homes had Saunas (Spitz Bath) in the back by the "barn" and outhouse. Sara stayed in Europe and had five children. As far as we know they all perished in the Holocaust.
    Albums
    Rezekne Museum
    Rezekne Museum (31)
    Photos Taken Inside Rezekne Museum by Dave Howard in October of 2002
    Last Modified 3 Jul 2013 
    Family ID F426  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Brocha Daug of Jankel,   b. 1864, Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1512  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1838 - Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 1858 - Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 18 May 1909 - Horwitz Family Residence, Rezekne, Latgale, Latvia Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Henoch Hirsh Gurevich (Horwitz)- back of photo. The studio was in Latvia.
    Henoch Hirsh Gurevich (Horwitz)- back of photo. The studio was in Latvia.
    Henoch Hirsh Gurevich (Horwitz). Photo taken in Rezekne- Latvia.
    Henoch Hirsh Gurevich (Horwitz). Photo taken in Rezekne- Latvia.
    Henoch Hersh Horwitz Face
    Henoch Hersh Horwitz Face

    Documents
    yDNA Haplogroup Q-F1680 (Probably) +L245 +M378 +L275 +L232 + M242
    yDNA Haplogroup Q-F1680 (Probably) +L245 +M378 +L275 +L232 + M242
    David Howard and Jeff Horwitz have have their yDNA tested and we are both are in Haplogroup Q which probably evolved in Siberia about 20,000 years ago. About 4% of Northern European Jewish (Ashkenazim) men are in this group. Only Jewish men appear to have markers +L245 and +F1680. So far not many other Horwitz families have this marker. There is a lot of speculation how this got into the Jewish family. Only Jewish men have this marker in the Northern European population.
    History of Horwitz Surname
    History of Horwitz Surname
    Article on Horwitz Surname by Dr. Alexander Beider
    The Name Hirsh among Russian Jewish People
    The Name Hirsh among Russian Jewish People
    The Deer as the symbol for Hirsh, Stands for the Tribe of Naphtali, Hirsh means Deer in German/Yiddish and is Tsvi or Zvi in Hebrew.

    Albums
    Riga Latvia - Oct 31, 2002
    Riga Latvia - Oct 31, 2002 (11)
    Riga is a lovely city on the banks of the Daugava River just as it enters the Baltic Sea. There is an old town which has been beautifully preserved or restored. This area is mostly a walking area. Cars may enter but must have pass cards. There rest of the city is modern and spread out. Since the fall of the Soviet Union almost all signs are in Latvian or English. There are suburban areas with wide roads and stand alone stores. Latvia exports large quantities of timber from its forrested lands. The Daugava River used to carry the logs to the seaport. Now trucks carry the logs to Riga. The Daugava was an important entrance into Central Europe for the Vikings in ancient times.

  • Sources 
    1. [S3] Rezekne Family, Family 138 (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S3] Rezekne Family, Family 138 (Reliability: 3).
      Gurewitsch, Genech, son of Getzel, age 59 in 1896 died 18 May 1909 in Rezekne.